In the United States, the exact number of people with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is unknown.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studies have shown that 0.2 to 1.5 cases of fetal alcohol syndrome occur for every 1,000 live births in certain areas of the United States.
Scientists believe that about 2 to 5 percent of the U.S. population may have an FASD.
The lifetime cost for one individual with FAS in 2002 was estimated to be $2 million. This is an average for people with FAS and does not include data on people with other FASDs. People with severe problems, such as profound intellectual disability, have much higher costs. It is estimated that the cost to the United States for FAS alone is over $4 billion annually.