Department of Pediatrics

Trauma and Injury Prevention Research


Pediatric trauma and injury prevention within emergency departments is a critical area of research aimed at reducing the incidence and severity of injuries among children. Epidemiological data plays a crucial role in understanding the patterns and causes of pediatric injuries, allowing researchers to identify high-risk populations and design targeted prevention strategies. Research also highlights disparities in pediatric trauma, revealing that certain subpopulations, such as children from low-income families or marginalized communities, are more vulnerable to injuries and have limited access to timely and appropriate care. This data on disparities serves as a basis for developing interventions that address the specific needs and challenges faced by these populations, ultimately working towards reducing inequalities in pediatric trauma outcomes. By focusing on injury prevention and promoting equitable access to care, research in this field aims to improve the overall health and well-being of children in emergency departments.

We participated in the PECARN study to develop a clinical decision rule for neuroimaging for cervical spine injuries in children.

Faculty with a research focus on trauma and injury prevention:

Naik-Mathuria B, Johnson BL, Todd HF, Donaruma-Kwoh M, Bachim A, Rubalcava D, Vogel AM, Chen L, Escobar MA. Development of the red flag scorecard screening tool for identification of child physical abuse in the emergency departmentJ Pediatr Surg. 2023. PMID 36841704.

Harris MI, Adelgais KM, Linakis SW, Magill CF, Brazauskas R, Shah MI, et al. Impact of prehospital pain management on emergency department management of injured childrenPrehosp Emerg Care. 2023. PMID 34734787.

Nishijima DK, Tancredi DJ, Adelgais KM, Chadha K, Chang TP, Harris MI, Leonard JC, Lerner EB, Linakis SW, Lowe GS, Magill CF, Schwartz HP, Shah MI, Browne LR. Impact of race and ethnicity on emergency medical services administration of opioid pain medications for injured childrenJ Emerg Med. 2023. PMID 36641254.

Arredondo AR, Wilkinson M, Barber RB, Gilmartin T, Levine MC. Ultrasonographic evaluation of physiologic free intraperitoneal fluid in healthy children: a prospective observational studyJ Ultrasound Med. 2022;41(5):1061-1067. PMID 34338342.

Ashby DW, Balakrishnan B, Gourlay DM, Meyer MT, Nimmer M, Drendel AL. Utilizing near-infrared spectroscopy to identify pediatric trauma patients needing life-saving interventions: a prospective studyPediatr Emerg Care. 2022. PMID 35580188.

Ashby DW, Gourlay DM, Balakrishnan B, Meyer MT, Drendel AL. Utilizing near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to identify pediatric trauma patients needing life-saving interventions (LSIs): a retrospective studyPediatr Emerg Care. 2022. PMID 32910035.

Raees M, Hooli S, et al. An exploratory assessment of the management of pediatric traumatic brain injury in three centers in AfricaFront Pediatr. 2022;10:936150. PMID 36061402.

Bressan S, Heidt R, Wang C, Tancredi D, Kuppermann N. Isolated altered mental status in children with minor blunt head traumaPediatrics. 2022. PMID 36102119.  

Yusuf S, Jones JL, Camp EA, McCallin TE. Drowning prevention counseling by paediatricians to educate caregivers on water safetyJ Paediatr Child Health. 2022; PMID 35665978.

Denny SA, Quan L, Gilchrist J, McCallin T, Shenoi R, Yusuf S, Weiss J, et al. Prevention of drowningPediatrics. 2021. PMID 34253571.

McCallin T, Morgan M, Camp EAYusuf S. A Pilot Study on Water Safety Education of Providers and Caregivers in Outpatient Pediatric Clinical Settings to Increase Drowning Prevention Knowledge. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2020. PMID: 32009443.

Camp EA, Cruz AT, Shenoi RPObesity is associated with a reduced odds for blunt intra-abdominal injuries in children.  Obes Res Clin Pract. 2020. PMID: 32029392.

Hyak JM, Todd H, Rubalcava D, Vogel AM, Fallon S, Naik-Mathuria B. Barely benign: The dangers of BB and other nonpowder guns.J Pediatr Surg. 2020. PMID: 32169341.

Ho BJ, Crowe JE, Dorfman SR, Camp EA, Yusuf S, Shenoi RP. Correlation of clinical and chest radiograph findings in pediatric submersion cases.  Pediatr Radiol. 2020. PMID: 31897567.