Treatment for melanoma is based on the stage of the cancer and other things, such as your overall health. The main treatment is:
- Surgery: The doctor removes the melanoma and a border of normal tissue. In some cases, the doctor may remove the first lymph node that the cancer may have spread to. If cancer is found, nearby lymph nodes may be removed and checked for cancer.
Other treatments may include:
- Immunotherapy: This treatment helps your immune system fight cancer.
- Targeted therapy: These medicines attack only cancer cells, not normal cells. They help keep cancer from growing or spreading.
- Chemotherapy: These medicines kill fast-growing cells, including cancer cells and some normal cells.
If melanoma has spread (metastatic cancer), surgery may be done. You’ll probably need other treatments too. Sometimes a clinical trial may be a good choice.
Your doctor will talk with you about your options and then make a treatment plan.
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